Did the Spaniards Succeed in promoting Hispanic culture among the Early Filipinos
The Spaniards did succeed in promoting the Hispanic culture to the Filipinos and in fact, some Hispanic influences are still being practiced in the Philippines today notably the Roman Catholic religion, observance of religious festivals in honor of the patron saints, some Spanish & Mexican (Nahuatl) loanwords in Tagalog, Cebuano & Chavacano dialects, cockfighting and more. However the Hispanization was not as heavy unlike in Latin America wherein between 70-90% of their culture originated from Spain. Although there are also some African & Indigenous elements in their culture but still it is highly Hispanic most especially the Spanish language. In contrast, the Filipino culture is predominantly Asian (Malay & Chinese) peppered with Arab, Hispanic & American influences.
1. )First and foremost, the Spaniards (Magellan as a pioneer) set out on a voyage to establish connections with Asian kingdoms and to make them a part of the Spanish Empire. On March 17, 1521, he landed on an island called Homonhon, a part of the Philippines. The Spaniards brought two things: a cross and a sword. They used Christianity and converted the pagans into Christians just to rule over their land. And so those who became Christians became followers of the Spaniards and those who refused fought with them. For more than 300 years, they have conquered Philippines, until after Jose Rizal's (their national hero) death which became the catalyst that roused anger to the Filipinos and brought some sense of nationalism to them. In other words, the Spanish succeeded in promoting their culture to the Filipinos. they were the ones responsible for bringing Christianity to it. Also, the Filipino language is actually a mix of Indian, Chinese and Spanish and English and Tagalog words. Also I have read that until in the 70's, Philippines was a trilingual country. It was necessary for Filipino students to study Spanish and English but that was until they changed their education curriculum. In another part of Philippines, a place called Bicol, their local dialect is like about 50% based on the Spanish language.
World History is my favorite subject. I am also an avid fan of Asian History.
2. )Nearly 400 years of Spanish rule left an irremovable mark on the Philippines. Spain brought with them all aspects of their culture to the Islands. This includes the Catholic faith, clothing, and dance. The barong tagalog and the terno are Philippine interpretations of Spanish dress made to fit the humid climate of the Philippines. Food historians claim that 80 per cent of Philippine dishes are of Spanish origin.Thus many of the party and fiesta dishes and those served for special occasions bear names like relleno, morcon, paella, callos, embutido, caldereta, etc.
This is just some influences of the Spaniards in the Philippines. The list could go on and we don't have enough space for that :)
POSTED by Adoniemar Labels: Educational news